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Sunday, January 30, 2011

sImPLe tAx cAlCuLatOr:For all Professionals and Business ppls

Want to know how much will be ur tax ???

cLIcK dOwN

calculate my tax

Om: Symbol of the Absolute

"The goal which all the Vedas declare, which all austerities aim at, and which men desire when they lead the life of continence … is Om. This syllable Om is indeed Brahman. Whosoever knows this syllable obtains all that he desires. This is the best support; this is the highest support. Whosoever knows this support is adored in the world of Brahma."~ Katha Upanishad I

Om or Aum is of paramount importance in Hinduism. This symbol (as seen in the image on the right) is a sacred syllable representing Brahman, the impersonal Absolute of Hinduism — omnipotent, omnipresent, and the source of all manifest existence. Brahman, in itself, is incomprehensible; so a symbol becomes mandatory to help us realize the Unknowable. Om, therefore, represents both the unmanifest (nirguna) and manifest (saguna) aspects of God. That is why it is called pranava, to mean that it pervades life and runs through our prana or breath.

Om in Daily Life

Although Om symbolizes the most profound concepts of Hindu belief, it is in use daily. The Hindus begin their day or any work or a journey by uttering Om. The sacred symbol is often found at the head of letters, at the beginning of examination papers and so on. Many Hindus, as an expression of spiritual perfection, wear the sign of Om as a pendant. This symbol is enshrined in every Hindu temple premise or in some form or another on family shrines.

It is interesting to note that a newly born child is ushered into the world with this holy sign. After birth, the child is ritually cleansed and the sacred syllable Om is written on its tongue with honey. Thus right at the time of birth the syllable Om is initiated into the life of a Hindu and ever remains with him as the symbol of piety. Om is also a popular symbol used in contemporary body art and tattoos.

The Eternal Syllable

According to the Mandukya Upanishad, "Om is the one eternal syllable of which all that exists is but the development. The past, the present, and the future are all included in this one sound, and all that exists beyond the three forms of time is also implied in it".

The Music of Om

Om is not a word but rather an intonation, which, like music, transcends the barriers of age, race, culture and even species. It is made up of three Sanskrit letters, aa, au and ma which, when combined together, make the sound Aum or Om. It is believed to be the basic sound of the world and to contain all other sounds. It is a mantra or prayer in itself. If repeated with the correct intonation, it can resonate throughout the body so that the sound penetrates to the centre of one's being, the atman or soul.

There is harmony, peace and bliss in this simple but deeply philosophical sound. By vibrating the sacred syllable Om, the supreme combination of letters, if one thinks of the Ultimate Personality of Godhead and quits his body, he will certainly reach the highest state of "stateless" eternity, states the Bhagavad Gita.

The Vision of Om

Om provides a dualistic viewpoint. On one hand, it projects the mind beyond the immediate to what is abstract and inexpressible. On the other hand, it makes the absolute more tangible and comprehensive. It encompasses all potentialities and possibilities; it is everything that was, is, or can yet be. It is omnipotent and likewise remains undefined.

The Power of Om

During meditation, when we chant Om, we create within ourselves a vibration that attunes sympathy with the cosmic vibration and we start thinking universally. The momentary silence between each chant becomes palpable. Mind moves between the opposites of sound and silence until, at last, it ceases the sound. In the silence, the single thought—Om—is quenched; there is no thought. This is the state of trance, where the mind and the intellect are transcended as the individual self merges with the Infinite Self in the pious moment of realization. It is a moment when the petty worldly affairs are lost in the desire for the universal. Such is the immeasurable power of Om.

How to Type it on your Computer

Try this! To get the Om symbol on your computer screen, open MS Word and key in backslash ( \ ) in Wingdings font. You will type in Om!

Thursday, January 27, 2011

5 Recommended songs by Prakz

Check out the most recommended songs for this weekend....Enjooyyyy...:)

1.Shree Ganeshay Dheemahi

2.Dil Toh Bachcha Hai Ji (2011) - Abhi Kuch Dino Se

3.Akon - Party Animal .mp3

4.Tujhe Bhula Diya - rEmIx

5.Green Day - Boulevard Of Broken Dreams - Green Day - Boulevard Of Broken Dreams.mp3

Paste the url in the webbrowser and listen to it....:)

Monday, January 17, 2011


Jessica Lall (1965–1999) was a model in New Delhi, who was working as a celebrity barmaid at a crowded socialite party when she was shot dead on 29 April 1999.[1] Dozens of witnesses pointed to Siddharth Vashisht, a.k.a. Manu Sharma, the son of Venod Sharma, a wealthy Congress politician in Haryana, as the murderer.
In the ensuing trial, Manu Sharma and a number of others were acquitted on 21 February 2006.
Following intense media and public pressure, the prosecution appealed and the Delhi High Court conducted proceedings on a fast track with daily hearings over 25 days. The lower court judgment was found faulty in law, and Manu Sharma was found guilty of having murdered Jessica Lall. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on 20 December 2006.

Jessica Lall

Born5 January 1965(1965-01-05)
Died29 April 1999(1999-04-29) (aged 34)

During the summer of 1999, leading socialite Bina Ramani had been organizing “Thursday Special” nights, at her newly opened “Tamarind Court” restaurant, at Qutub Colonnade, a refurbished haveli overlooking the Qutub Minar in Mehrauli.[2]
On 29 April 1999, it was the seventh and last Thursday Special of the season; also being celebrated was the foreign visit of Bina Ramani’s Canadian husband Georges Mailhot, for a period of six months. Though the restaurant was yet to receive its liquor license,[3] drinks could be bought through discreetly marked ‘QC’ coupons, and on that night, several models and friends were serving drinks at the 'Once Upon A Time' bar, including Jessica Lall, Bina Ramani’s daughter Malini Ramani, friends Shayan Munshi, and others.[2]
Previously, at 10 p.m., Manu Sharma alias Siddharth Vashisht, the 24-year-old son of former Union minister Venod Sharma, having skipped his planned visit to Chandigarh, drove up to the Friends Colony house of Amrinder Singh Gill (Tony), 32, a general manager of the Coca-Cola bottling unit in Delhi, where they were joined by 30-year-old Alok Khanna, a colleague of Tony, and Vikas Yadav, son of Rajya Sabha member, D.P. Yadav, a politician from Sambhal in Uttar Pradesh. The four had a few drinks and then drove down to Mehrauli in two separate cars. They reached Tamarind Court at 11.15 p.m. Manu Sharma had already attended one of the special Thursday nights; subsequently they ordered a few drinks and stayed on.[2] Elsewhere in the town, event management specialist Shahana Mukherjee picked up ramp model Jessica Lall from her house at 10 p.m., and escorted her to a party, where she was to be the celebrity bartender that night, as was Shayan Munshi.[4]

"..I won't give you a sip even if you give me a thousand bucks!"
Jessica Lall to Manu Sharma, before she was shot at
(overheard by Malini Ramani). [2]

As it was a busy night, the drinks were soon over, at about 2 a.m. Manu Sharma asked for a drink, which Jessica refused; he then tried to offer a thousand rupees, which she refused as well. Though there are many versions of what happened next, sometime soon, the inebriated and enraged Manu Sharma shot at Jessica twice at point blank range, the first bullet hitting the ceiling. The second one proved fatal, as it hit Jessica, who was now kneeling over, on the temple and she fell unconscious immediately. Twenty minutes later, she was rushed to the Aashlok Hospital (in Safdurjung Enclave) in a car but she succumbed to her injuries that same night at the Apollo Hospital.[2] The police brought the body to AIIMS for post-mortem examination. Dr. R.K Sharma and Dr. Sudhir Gupta were the AIIMS Autopsy Surgeons & gave important forensic opinion to the prosecution in this case at various stages.
In the ensuing melee, as the 90-odd celebrity guests and Delhi’s glitterati scattered around, the culprits Alok Khanna, Amardeep Singh Gill (Tony), and Vikas Yadav slipped away from the scene together in Alok’s car, while Manu Sharma hid for a while in a nearby village, a kilometre away. The trio dropped Amit Jhingan at his Vasant Kunj residence, and reached Tony’s ‘Friends Colony’ residence, where later Manu Sharma also joined them, after hitchhiking his way there on a two-wheeler.
Next, Manu Sharma called Amit Jhingan, in whose white Maruti Gypsy Manu Sharma, Vikas Yadav, and Amit went over to the Mehrauli area beyond Qutub Colonnade, and asked Amit to dig out the weapon from a sand pile in a nearby village, where Manu had buried it. Thereafter, Jhingan dropped Manu at Tony’s residence and returned home.
According to Police sources, Manu Sharma then called over another friend named Titu, who was visiting India from the US for a wedding, to MP D.P. Yadav’s residence where Vikas Yadav had gone into hiding. There he was given the weapon for hiding. Titu's whereabouts were never known and he ostensibly flew off to the US, after hiding the weapon, a .22-bore pistol.[5] Manu Sharma spent the night at Vikas Yadav’s Ghaziabad residence; later, their escape vehicle, a Tata Sierra, was found abandoned in NOIDA.[6]
While Manu Sharma and most of his family continued to abscond, as did Vinod Sharma and his family,[7][8] Alok Khanna and Amardeep Singh Gill (Tony) were arrested on 4 May. On 8 May, Bina Ramani, her husband, George Mailhot and her daughter Malini, were arrested under the Excise Act for running an illegal bar after interrogation; also arrested was Manu Sharma’s accomplice, Amit Jhingan, from Vasant Kunj under Section 201 read with 120 (conspiring to destroy evidence), on the basis of disclosures made by Manu Sharma during interrogation. A Delhi court granted bail to the Ramanis, though their passports were seized, with Bina being a British national, her husband, a Canadian national, and Malini a US national; and Amit Jhingan was remanded to judicial custody till 21 May.[5][9]
On 19 May, Vikas Yadav walked into the Delhi police headquarters and surrendered, but only hours later he walked out, as he carried anticipatory bail papers from Imphal Court. The police chose not to arrest him that day, as according to Manipur High Court orders, he was granted two months of bail as soon as he was arrested. Through the press he said, “Manu (the main accused) came to my house and wanted to spend the night there. I only allowed him to stay not knowing what had happened. [10] Vikas Yadav was finally caught on 30 May.[6] Later, on 9 July, Delhi High Court cancelled his bail, yet Vikas Yadav managed to elude police custody for a while [11] In September 1999, a sessions court granted Vikas Yadav interim bail with the direction that he had to surrender before the trial court a week before beginning of the trial and seek fresh bail; subsequently on 17 May 2001, he was sent into judicial custody, only to be given bail by a Delhi city court four days later.[12]
On 3 August 1999, Delhi police filed the charge sheet in the court of Metropolitan Magistrate, wherein Manu Sharma was named the main accused and charged under sections 302 (murder), 201 (destruction of evidence), 120(b) (criminal conspiracy), and 212 (harbouring suspects) of the Indian Penal Code; and sections 27, 54 and 59 of the Arms Act. While other accused, like Vikas Yadav, Coca-Cola Company officials Alok Khanna and Amardeep Singh Gill (destroying evidence of the case and conspiracy); Shyam Sunder Sharma, Amit Jhingan, Yograj Singh, Harvinder Chopra, Vikas Gill, Raja Chopra, Ravinder Krishan Sudan and Dhanraj, were all charged variously under sections 120(b), 302, 201 and 212 of the IPC (for giving shelter to the accused and destroying evidence) [6]
Manu Sharma gave a statement to the Police, which was taped, in which he admits shooting Jessica Lall. "The idea at that time was to shoot in challenge. It was embarrassing to hear that even if I paid a thousand bucks I would not get a sip of drink." This audiotape was obtained and aired by the TV channel NDTV, but it does not constitute legal testimony. Subsequently, however, the confession was retracted, and a not guilty plea was entered in the trial.
Manu Sharma is the son of one of the leading politicians in the state of Haryana, Venod Sharma, who belongs to the Congress Party. Earlier a minister in the National Cabinet, Venod Sharma was a minister in the Haryana government at the time the trial judgement was announced.
Subsequently, a sting operation by the newsmagazine Tehelka exposed how Venod Sharma paid bribes to win over key witnesses, and Venod Sharma resigned from the Haryana Ministry on 6 October 2006.
One of Manu's aunts is a daughter of the erstwhile President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma.

The initial trial
The Jessica Lall murder case went up for trial in August 1999, with Manu charged with murder and his friends charged with related crimes such as destroying evidence and sheltering criminal suspects.
Four of the witnesses who had initially said they had seen the murder happen eventually turned hostile. Shayan Munshi, a model and friend who was serving drinks beside Jessica Lall, changed his story completely; as for earlier testimony recorded with the police, he said that the writing was in Hindi, a language he was not familiar with, and it should be repudiated. On 13 May 2006, he was detained at Calcutta airport as he was about to board a flight for Bangkok, along with his wife then Peeya Rai Chowdhary.
Karan Rajput and Shivdas Yadav also had not seen anything, while Parikshit Sagar said he had left the place before the incident. In a conversation with the sister of Jessica, Karan Rajput is alleged to have played a tape-recording [13] discussing with some friends how Venod Sharma's people had "won over" several witnesses already.
Also, it appears that the cartridges used in the murder were altered. Although the gun was never recovered, these cartridges were for some reason sent for forensic evaluation, where it turned out that they had been fired from different weapons. This led to a further weakening of the prosecution case

Acquittal by Lower Court
After extensive hearings with nearly a hundred witnesses, a Delhi trial court headed by Additional Sessions Judge S. L. Bhayana, acquitted 9 accused in Jessica Lall Murder case, on 21 February 2006. Those acquitted were, Manu Sharma,Vikas Yadav, Manu's uncle Shyam Sundar Sharma, Amardeep Singh Gill and Alok Khanna, both former executives of a multinational soft drinks company, cricketer Yuvraj Singh's father Yograj Singh, Harvinder Chopra, Vikas Gill and Raja Chopra. In all, of the 12 accused, two, Ravinder Kishan Sudan and Dhanraj, were absconding while the trial court discharged Amit Jhingan at the time of framing of charges.
The ground for the acquittals according to the court was one, “The police failed to recover the weapon which was used to fire at Jessica Lal as well as prove their theory that the two cartridges, emptied shells of which were recovered from the spot, were fired from one weapon,; “all three eyewitnesses listed by the police in its charge sheet, namely, Shiv Lal Yadav, an electrician at Tamarind Court, actor Shyan Munshi and Karan Rajput, a visitor at the restaurant that night, turning hostile during the trial”, in addition to this the police also failed to establish a complete chain of the circumstances leading to the incident and trace the murder weapon which according to it, was used in the crime.[14]
Throughout his 179-page case verdict, Additional Sessions Judge (ASJ) S L Bhayana said that police sought to 'create' and 'introduce false evidence' against Sharma. The judgment repeatedly hints that the prosecution may have attempted, from the very beginning, to fabricate the evidence and present false witnesses, so as to render the case indefensible. In conclusion, he agrees with "the counsel for the accused that on 30 April 1999 the police had decided to frame the accused," read the judgment.
The judgment faulted the police for deciding on the accused first and then collecting evidence against him, instead of letting the evidence lead them to the murderer. Since the prosecution had failed to establish guilt beyond doubt, all nine accused were acquitted.

 Legal loopholes used

After the verdict many experts pointed fingers at the flaws in the Indian Evidence Act of 1872, especially Sections 25-29: No confession made by any person whilst he is in the custody of a police officer, unless it be made in the immediate presence of a Magistrate, shall be proved as against such person. Though, the clauses were initially added for the protection of the defendants from giving confession under police torture, it was later exploited by many a guilty defendants as well, as in this case, where many a witnesses withdrew their testimony, after first giving it to the police during interrogation.[15]


In the immense uproar , hundreds of thousands of people e-mailed and SMS-ed their outrage on petitions forwarded by media channels and newspapers to the President and others seeking remedies for the alleged miscarriage of justice. Soon, NDTV, a news channel, received more than 200,000 cellphone text messages urging retrial.[3] A poll conducted by the newspaper Hindustan Times showed that on a scale of 1 to 10, the public's faith in law enforcement in India was about 2.7 Public pressure built up with newspapers splashing headlines such as "No one killed Jessica", and TV channels running SMS polls. Models, fashion designers, friends, relatives and others held candle-light vigils at India Gate in New Delhi to protest the verdict, followed by an even bigger candle light protest accompanied by a unique week long t-shirt campaign (slogan: we support re-investigation of Jessica Lal's murder, let the truth come out) in Manu Sharma's hometown, Chandigarh.The protest in Chandigarh was led by a young self-proclaimed activist (who now heads a Fight for Justice and Rights Organisation called Human Rights Protection Group, formerly known as "Middle Finger Protests"). Hundreds of students, MNC executives along with retired IAS and Army officers participated in the protest.
Surender Sharma, the police inspector responsible for the investigation, was transferred from the plum Hauz Khas position to a bureaucratic post. The police have also launched an inquiry against the possibly deliberate ineptitude of their own earlier investigation.
On 18 April 2006, the division bench comprising Justice Manmohan Sareen and Justice J M Malik released Manu Sharma on Rs 1 Lakh (USD 2000) bail.They also pulled up the Delhi Police and urged them to ensure minimal delays in the re-trial process

[edit] Appeal and conviction in high court

On 25 March 2006, the Delhi High Court admitted an appeal by the police against the Jessica Lall murder acquittals, issuing non-bailable warrants against prime accused Manu Sharma and eight others and restraining them from leaving the country. This was not a re-trial, but an appeal based on evidence already marshalled in the lower court.
On 9 September 2006, a sting operation by the news magazine Tehelka was shown on the TV channel Star News, which stated how the witnesses had been bribed and coerced into retracting their initial testimony. Venod Sharma was named in the expose as paying millions of rupees to some of the witnesses.[17] Facing pressure from the central Congress leaders, Venod Sharma resigned from the Haryana cabinet.


On 15 December 2006, the High Court bench of Justice R S Sodhi and Justice P K Bhasin, in a 61-page judgement held Manu Sharma guilty based on existing evidence.
The judgement said that the lower court had been lax in not considering the testimony of witnesses such as Bina Ramani and Deepak Bhojwani: "With very great respect to the learned judge, we point out that this manner of testing the credibility of the witness is hardly a rule of appreciation of evidence... Obviously, this reflects total lack of application of mind and suggests a hasty approach towards securing a particular end, namely the acquittal."
In particular, the key witness Shyan Munshi came in for serious criticism, and may be facing criminal proceedings. The judgement says, of his repudiating his own FIR: "[Munshi] is now claiming that the said statement was recorded in Hindi while he had narrated the whole story in English as he did not know Hindi at all... We do not find this explanation of Munshi to be convincing." Regarding Munshi's testimony about the two-gun theory, the judgement says: "In court he has taken a somersault and came out with a version that there were two gentlemen at the bar counter. ... [W]e have no manner of doubt that on this aspect he is telling a complete lie... "
All 32 witnesses who turned hostile have been asked to appear before the court on 21 February to explain why they should not be tried for perjury.
On 20 December 2006, Manu Sharma was awarded life imprisonment. The other accused, Vikas Yadav and AmarDeep Singh Gill, were awarded four years of imprisonment for destroying evidence.
Manu Sharma's lawyer, R K Naseem said the decision would be appealed in Supreme Court, because the judgement was wrong in holding Bina Ramani to have been an eyewitness.
According to a widely circulated media report, Manu Sharma told a friend after the trial in Hindi: mere bhaagya main yehi thaa. taqdeer kaa faislaa yehi thaa (Such was my fate. This was decided by destiny).
There was widespread celebration of Manu's conviction on the media, where it was seen as evidence that the people's voice could move the wheels of justice. Given the past record in India of cases such as Sanjeev Nanda, it was felt that the Jessica Lall and Priyadarshini Mattoo convictions finally indicated that even the most powerful were not above the law.
Delhi Government granted Manu Sharma 30 days parole
On 24 September 2009, Delhi Lieutenant Governor granted Manu Sharma 30-day parole from jail, on the grounds that Sharma needed to attend to his ailing mother and also look after the family business which was suffering in his absence. Some media reports also claimed that he has to perform rituals following the death of his grandmother. But, they were founded totally untrue as Sharma's grandmother died in 2008. This parole was extended by another 30 days. Manu Sharma has been seen partying in a night-club during this time also, his mother who was ill was seen at a media briefing on Saturday promoting a ladies cricket tournament at the family-run hotel in Chandigarh, the Piccadilly Hotel
On 10 November 2009, following media uproar, the Delhi government, under criticism for granting and extending parole without proper verification of reasons submitted by the accused for seeking parole, had reportedly decided to look into whether his parole should be cancelled, because Sharma visited a Delhi nightclub over the weekend. But Manu Sharma surrendered next day to Tihar jail, two weeks before his parole expired.[
Supreme Court upheld the HC verdict in the Jessica Lall murder case. Prime accused Manu Sharma had challenged his conviction and life sentence awarded by the Delhi High Court on 19 April 2010.

 Life sentence by Supreme Court of India

On 19 April 2010, the Supreme Court of India has approved the life sentence for the guilty. The two judge bench upholding the judgement of the Delhi High Court stated that, "The prosecution has proved beyond reasonable doubt the presence of Manu Sharma at the site of the offence". Senior advocate Ram Jethmalani, appearing for Manu Sharma alias Siddharth Vasisth, in the Supreme Court, assailed the High Court verdict which had set aside the trial court judgement acquitting the accused. He alleged that the High Court Bench had made up its mind to hold Sharma guilty. Solicitor General Gopal Subramanium submitted that there was sufficient evidence against Manu Sharma for his involvement in the crime.

Sunday, January 16, 2011

Love ur friends :)

A sharp tongue can cut your own throat.

If you want your dreams to cometrue, you mustn't oversleep.

Of all the things you wear, yourex-pression is themost important.

The best vitamin for making friends......B1.

Thehappiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts.

The heaviest thing you can carry is a grudge..

Onething you can give and still your word.

You lie the loudest when you lie to yourself.

If you lack the courage to start, you have already finished.

One thing you can't recycle is wastedtime.

Ideas won't work unless 'You' do.

Your mind is like a functions only when open.

The 10 commandments are not a multiple choice.

Thepursuit of happiness is the chase of a lifetime!
It is never too late to become what you might have been.

Lifeis too short to wake up with regrets.. So love
the people who treat you right.. Forget aboutthe
ones who don't.. Believe everything happens for a reason.
If you get a second chance, grab it with both hands.

If it changes your life, let it. Nobody said life would
be easy, they just promised it would be worth it.

Friends are like balloons;
once you let them go, you might not get them
back. Sometimes we get so busy with our own
lives and problems that we may not even notice
that we've let them fly away. Sometimes we areso
caught up in who's right and who's wrong that we
forget what's right and wrong. Sometimeswe just
don't realize what real friendshipmeansuntilit
is too late. I don't want to let that happen so I’m
going to tie you to my heart so I never lose you.

wHaTz lOvE??

Love is a thing shared by two
Love is what you feel for me and you
Love is precious when its shared
Love is danger when its dared

Love wanders and searches for the one
Love plays and just do it for fun
Love lets you hear love songs to emote
Love lets you make sweet poems & a quote

Love makes the world go around
Love makes us happy if the one we love
is finally found
Love turns the world upside down
Love cheers us never with a frown

Love makes you cry
Love sacrifices and says goodbye
Love has its own reason and time
Love can make someone you love "mine"

Love makes a person kiss
Love makes a person miss
Love is experienced by all
Love conquers when you fall.

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Friday, January 14, 2011



Significance of Makar Sankranti (Exclusively From Prakz)

Makar Sankranti is of great significance to a devote Hindu and is one of the most important dates in the Hindu Calendar. Lord Surya (Sun God) is worshiped on this day. Every living and non-living being merges with the Brahman and Sun is the Pratyaksha-Brahman or the Brahman that can be seen.
Makar Sankranti also heralds the arrival of spring.

The importance of Sun to earth and to the living beings was understood by Hindus from the very beginning. And the importance of it can be found in the Gayatri Mantra chanted to Sun (Surya) daily.
Makar Sankranti signals the end of winter and the onset of spring throughout the northern hemisphere. The period is referred to as Uttarayan Punyakalam and is considered auspicious. For the next six months, the days are longer and warmer. Legend has it that the Devas wake up after a six-month long slumber during this period.
There is also a symbolic meaning to Makara Sankranti. ‘Makar’ means crocodile. Sankranti means ‘to cross into or change.’ The ‘Makara’ or crocodile represents the materialistic world and ‘Sankranti’ gives an opportunity to get away from the clutches of the crocodile or the materialistic world.
The six month long Uttarayana begins on the Makar Sankrant day. From this day, the harshness of winter subsidizes and the days get longer. Symbolically, the Sun slowly removes darkness and ushers in the light of knowledge. Uttarayana is also the daytime of the Devas and therefore auspicious activities takes place during this period.
There are also numerous legends and myths which add to the importance of Makara Sankranti.
One of the most important myths is the death of Bhishma Pitamaha in the Mahabharata. Bhishma chose the Uttarayan period. (Bhisma had got a boon from his father that he will only die when he wishes.) It is believed that people who die during Uttarayana merges with the Brahman, thus ending the cycle of rebirth.
Legend also has it that Lord Vishnu buried Asuras on this day beneath the Mandara Mountain. It signifies the end of evil and the dawn of righteousness.
Another legend is that King Bhageeratha brought Ganges down into Patala on Makara Sankranti day. This was to get salvation to his ancestors who were cursed by Sage Kapila and turned into ashes. On this day millions of people take bath in the Ganges. Makara Sankranti is also an important bathing date during Kumbh Mela and Magh Mela.
Puranas state that on Makar Sankranti day, Surya visits Lord Shani. In mythology Lord Shani, is the son of Surya.

Makar Sankranti is observed throughout India by all communities but with slight variations in the festivities.
In Bengal, Makar Sankranti is noted for the Ganga Sagar Mela and Pithey parban.
Bhogali Bihu is celebrated on the day in Assam.
Makar Mela is observed in Orissa.
In North India, it is the time of Lohri and Khichadi.
In Central India, it is Sankranti.
In Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti is observed as Pongal.
In Andhra Pradesh, it is known as Sankranthi.
In Karnataka - Sankranthi
In Kerala, the famous Sabarimala Pilgrimage comes to an end with sighting of the Makaravilakku.
In Gujarat and Rajasthan, it is known as Uttarayan and is noted for the kite flying event.
It is an important bathing date during the famous Magh Mela and Kumbh Mela at Sangam (Prayag) in Allahabad.
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Tulu Joke updated :)

Watch Daaye Kandini ?

Police:: E gundana watch daaye kandini ?
Kaluve:: Yan kandiji ayene korni.
Police:: Aye nik yepa korni ?
Kaluve:: Yan bisathi thojanaga!!!!!!

Rampe:garnal mitth dakknda dada apundu 
SOMPE: dimma pudavundu 
RAMPE-dimma pudavara tu yer ninna ame korpena?
SOMPE: tu korande dakere yer nina amme kalpaina?

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

INTERVIEW TIPS FOR FRESHERS..Make sure u r prepared!!!

Warm-Up Questions
•  What made you apply for this position?
•  How did you hear about this job opening?
•  Briefly, would you summarize your work history & education for me?
Work History
•  What special aspects of your work experience have prepared you for this job?
•  Can you describe for me one or two of your most important accomplishments?
•  How much supervision have you typically received in your previous job?
•  Describe for me one or two of the biggest disappointments in your work history?
•  Why are you leaving your present job? (or, Why did you leave your last job?)
•  What is important to you in a company? What things do you look for in an organization?
Job Peformance
•  Everyone has strengths & weaknesses as workers. What are your strong points for this job?
•  What would you say are areas needing improvement?
•  How did your supervisor on your most recent job evaluate your job performance? What were some of the good points & bad points of that rating?
•  When you have been told , or discovered for yourself , a problem in your job performance, what have you typically done? Can you give me an example?
•  Do you prefer working alone or in groups?
•  What kind of people do you find it most difficult to work with? Why?
•  Starting with your last job, tell me about any of your achievements that were recognized by your superiors.
•  Can you give me an example of your ability to manage or supervise others?
•  What are some things you would like to avoid in a job? Why?
•  In your previous job what kind of pressures did you encounter?
•  What would you say is the most important thing you are looking for in a job?
•  What are some of the things on your job you feel you have done particularly well or in which you have achieved the greatest success? Why do you feel this way?
•  What were some of the things about your last job that you found most difficult to do?
•  What are some of the problems you encounter in doing your job? Which one frustrates you the most? What do you usually do about it?
•  What are some things you particularly liked about your last job?
•  Do you consider your progress on the job representative of your ability? Why?
•  How do you feel about the way you & others in the department were managed by your supervisor?
•  If I were to ask your present (most recent) employer about your ability as a____________________, what would he/she say?
•  What special aspects of your education or training have prepared you for this job?
•  What courses in school have been of most help in doing your job?
•  What is your long-term employment or career objective?
•  What kind of job do you see yourself holding five years from now?
•  What do you feel you need to develop in terms of skill & knowledge in order to be ready for that opportunity?
•  Why might you be successful in such a job?
•  How does this job fit in with your overall career goals?
•  Who or what in your life would you say influenced you most with your career objectives?
•  Can you pinpoint any specific things in your past experience that affected your present career objectives?
•  What would you most like to accomplish if you had this job?
•  What might make you leave this job?
•  What kind of things do you feel most confident in doing?
•  Can you describe for me a difficult obstacle you have had to overcome? How did you handle it? How do you feel this experience affected your personality or ability?
•  How would you describe yourself as a person?
•  What do you think are the most important characteristics & abilities a person must possess to become a successful ( )? How do you rate yourself in these areas?
•  Do you consider yourself a self-starter? If so, explain why ( and give examples)
•  What do you consider to be your greatest achievements to date? Why?
•  What things give you the greatest satisfaction at work?
•  What things frustrate you the most? How do you usually cope with them?
•  In your work experience, what have you done that you consider truly creative?
•  Can you think of a problem you have encountered when the old solutions didn't work & when you came up with new solutions?
•  Of your creative accomplishments big or small , at work or home, what gave you the most satisfaction?
•  What kind of problems have people recently called on you to solve? Tell me what you have devised.
•  Do you consider yourself to be thoughtful, analytical or do you usually make up your mind fast? Give an example. (Watch time taken to respond)
•  What was your most difficult decision in the last six months? What made it difficult?
•  The last time you did not know what decision to make, what did you do?
•  How do you go about making an important decision affecting your career?
•  What was the last major problem that you were confronted with? What action did you take on it?
•  What organizations do you belong to?
•  Tell me specifically what you do in the civic activities in which you participate. (Leading questions in selected areas. i.e. sports, economics, current events, finance.)
•  How do you keep up with what's going on in your company / your industry/ your profession?
•  What is your professional goal?
•  Can you give me examples of experience on the job that you felt were satisfying?
•  Do you have a long & short-term plan for your department? Is it realistic?
•  Did you achieve it last year?
•  Describe how you determine what constitutes top priorities in the performance of your job.
•  What are your standards of success in your job?
•  In your position, how would you define doing a good job? On what basis was your definition determined?
•  When judging the performance of your subordinate, what factors or characteristics are most important to you?
•  In your present job what approach do you take to get your people together to establish a common approach to a problem?
•  What approach do you take in getting your people to accept your ideas or department goals?
•  What specifically do you do to set an example for your employees?
•  How frequently do you meet with your immediate subordinates as a group?
•  What sort of leader do your people feel you are? Are you satisfied?
•  How do you get people who do not want to work together to establish a common approach to a problem?
•  If you do not have much time & they hold seriously differing views, what would be your approach?
•  How would you describe your basic leadership style? Give specific examples of how you practice this?
•  Do you feel you work more effectively on a one to one basis or in a group situation?
•  Have you ever led a task force or committee or any group who doesn't report to you, but from whom you have to get work? How did you do it? What were the satisfactions & disappointments? How would you handle the job differently?
•  Have you ever done any public or group speaking? Recently? Why? How did it go?
•  Have you made any individual presentations recently? How did you prepare?
•  Would you rather write a report or give a verbal report? Why?
•  What kind of writing have you done? For a group? For an individual?
•  What is the extent of your participation in major reports that have to be written?
•  What was the most important idea or suggestion you received recently from your employees? What happened as a result?
•  What do you think about the continuous changes in company operating policies & procedures?
•  How effective has your company been in adapting its policies to fit a changing environment?
•  What was the most significant change made in your company in the last six months which directly affected you, & how successfully do you think you implemented this change?
•  Do you feel pressure in your job? Tell me about it.
•  What has been the highest pressure situation you have been under in recent years? How did you cope with it?
•  Describe your most significant success & failure in the last two years.
•  What do you like to do best?
•  What do you like to do least?
•  What in your last review did your supervisor suggest needed improvement?
•  What have you done about it?
•  What has been the most important person or event in your own self development?
•  How much of your education did you earn?
•  What kind of books & other publications do you read?
•  Have you taken a management development course?
How are you helping your subordinates develop themselves?

Monday, January 10, 2011

10 Great things to do in Bangalore!!!!!!!!!!

1. Watch a play at Ranga Shankara/Alliance Françoise. 

2. A visit to one of the Art galleries/museums out there. 

3. Catch a Rock concert on Palace ground (this one’s my favourite. 

4. Chill at pubs like Purple Haze. 

5. Dig bookstores like Blossoms book house (Church Street) and a shop--Magazines--on the same street where you’ll find a huge collection of national and international magazines. 

6. Shop from Commercial Street (you’ll thank me for this one). Also, check out the awesome Tibetan market on Brigade Road. 

7. A trip to the Bannarghatta National Park. 

8. Go to religious spots like ISKON. 

9. If you want to go to a mall, only if, then go to Forum Mall in Kormangala area.

10. Check out UB city on Vittal Mallya Road.

Ten Things Every College Student Should Know!!!!

1. No Major? No Problem!
Your major as an entering college freshman doesn't matter as much as you think it does. In fact, in most cases it doesn't lock you in to anything. If you are unsure of what you want to major in as a freshman, it's OK—most college students will change their major at least once. You can use your freshman year as a time to explore, taking classes in subjects you never thought about studying before to help you hone in on what you want to do with your life. Look at college as an opportunity to expand your knowledge and build upon your interests.
2. Your Advisor is an Important Resource
Your school will provide you with a catalog of courses offered, the prerequisites and requirements needed for each class and major, and requirements you must satisfy in order to graduate. If you have a question that goes beyond the catalog, or just need a little guidance, go to your advisor—they can help you with any scheduling or course selection questions you may have.
3. The Truth about Textbooks
There are two simple rules to follow when it comes to textbooks:
  1. Don't buy your textbooks too early.
  2. Save money by buying and selling online (or, buy used books at your campus bookstore).
Many schools claim that you are required to buy all of the textbooks assigned on the syllabus each semester. However, just because it's written on paper doesn't mean that you're actually going to use it enough to get your money's worth. Every student learns differently and every professor teaches differently. If you can, talk to other students who have taken a course to see if you will actually need the textbooks, and then decide if you should purchase them.
Also, if you are a poor college student—aren't college students broke most of the time?—avoid purchasing your textbooks from the campus bookstore. Prices there tend to be on the high side, and when book buy-back time rolls around during exam week, the return on what you originally paid doesn't always lead to a pretty penny. If you can, purchase your books online and sell them back online too; you'll find this to be a win-win situation in the end.
4. Campus Involvement Builds Lasting Friendships
Your social life is a huge part of the college experience. Getting involved on campus in clubs, organizations, Bible studies, or athletics will help you meet new people and develop lasting friendships. Enjoy yourself and the friends you spend your time with—even if you're not doing anything at all. College is about the people you meet, the experiences you go through, and the memories you make.
5. Balancing Work and Play Reduces Stress
Balancing an academic schedule, extracurriculars, athletics, perhaps a job, and on top of all that a social life can be extremely demanding. All work and no play is a sure-fire recipe for unhappiness and will catch up to you in the long run. Learn to balance school work by taking the number of classes you feel comfortable taking on. Don't over-involve yourself in activities, and if you have to work a part-time job, only work a few flexible hours per week. Keep in mind that you still need to save time in your schedule for rest, relaxation, and socializing.
6. Your Professors are Not the Enemy 
Talk to your professors: introduce yourself, ask questions, visit during office hours, and make sure they know your name. Be sincere in showing your efforts in the classroom. Your professors will begin to see that you are trying and your efforts will pay off. As a result, they will be more willing to go out of their way to help you, and you may even be able to use them as references later on.
7. Studying Abroad Brings the Classroom to Life
For students studying abroad, living, breathing, eating, and feeling a new culture is definitely an educational experience. Studying abroad allows you to fully immerse yourself in a foreign language, to observe a new culture firsthand, and to experience new music, art, theater, food, and nightlife. Studying in the actual environment brings the classroom to life.
8. Every Campus Has Safety Hazards
Check with your local police to learn about the areas on and off campus that you should avoid. Learning the areas where the most crime takes place and what types of crime are most common in your college town can help to keep you safe. For an added safety measure, store emergency phone numbers in your cell phone and post them beside the phone in your dorm as well. Also, always be sure to carry identification on you.
9. Internships Increase Your Hiring Power
Do you have an internship? Well, plan on getting one if you don't already have one. Job recruiters love practical experience, so plan on getting some before you graduate and you should be in great shape for your first job. Internships will not only provide you with practical, real-world experience, but you may even be one step ahead of the game and land a job offer from the company you intern for you before you even graduate.
10. Avoiding Debt is Simple
A simply monthly budget will prevent you from overspending and will make paying the bills much easier. Allow yourself a weekly allowance for entertainment purposes and stick to it. Only use a credit card for emergencies, don't ever use it for entertainment. Sticking to your budget and remembering that little things add up fast will help to keep you debt free.